1918 in Peoria, Illinois, United States.
under a number of pseudonyms: Paul Chapin, Rod Keen, Harry 'Bunny' Maunders,
Jonathan Swift Somers III, Leo Queequeg Tincrowder, Kilgore Trout, James
part-time student at Bradley University, he gained a BA in English in
1950. Two years later he shocked the sf world with the publication of
his novella The Lovers, in Startling Stories . This won him a Hugo Award
in 1953; his second Hugo came in 1968 for the story 'Riders of the Purple
Wage' written for Harlan Ellison's famous Dangerous Visions series; and
his third came in 1972 for the first part of the acclaimed Riverworld
series. [publishers bumpf in Gods Of Riverworld, 1983].
was unafraid of tackling taboo subjects. He was responsible for breaking
the ground for alien sex in science fiction literature. He also acted
as apologist for the literary mistakes or well-meaning fabrications
of authors such as Edgar Rice Burroughs, L.Frank Baum, and Sir Arthur
Conan Doyle by writing the true stories of their protagonists.
Last Revised: November 2005.